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Updating will become the mainstream of rice harvester

Source:中国机械网 Number of visits: Date:July 17,2012

A few days ago, "2012 ~ 2014 national support to promote agricultural machinery subsidies directory" publicity releases officially released, this is the ninth national level introduced subsidies directory. Adapting the new demand, "directory" has done a lot of change and adjustment, the rice harvester market will bring far-reaching influence

 

Machine yield improved steadily later will enter the stock market

 

Rice is the major food crop in China, the annual planting area of about 30000000 hectares. Since 1995, China gradually developed rice harvester. To improve the yield of rice machine in 2000 to 15.4%, in 2005 reached 33.2%, rose to 46% in 2007, reaching 69% in 2011.

 

Although the yield of nearly 90% compared with wheat is still low, but considering the double cropping rice producing areas of complicated geographic conditions and poor infrastructure situation, essence and wheat yield of the current machine has be roughly the same.

 

From the beginning of 2004, national implementation of subsidies for agricultural machinery, stimulating the rapid development of rice harvester. With the improvement of the yield, rice harvester social holdings also rose rapidly in 2011, retains the quantity already exceeded 380000, among them half feeding type about 70000 taiwan. Improve the yield of rice harvester machine, the market demand will become the stock from the incremental update, the future will become the mainstream demand characteristics.

 

The climax subsides declaration enterprise rational demand

 

From scarcity into surplus, many places no longer implement key promotion and subsidies tilt of rice harvester. While the market changes in temperature changes, are among the first to feel the necessarily enterprises.

 

From 2009 to 2011 for 3 consecutive years of rice harvester market demand remains in the doldrums, has made some enterprises take the initiative to withdraw from the market, some of the intention to enter the enterprise also and step back. From the changes of recent years allowance catalog can be seen, large and medium-sized tractors, harvester for corn and deep tillage machine and other popular product quantity increase circumstances, rice harvester has basically been standing still. As of 2011 there were rice harvester products 74 enterprises to declare the "directory", which is 76, increased by only 2 home. From 2009 to 2011, there have been 15 enterprises out of or management direction transfer thus disappeared in subsidies directory. Full feeding type from the 32 production enterprises in 2009 increased to 47, there are 15 enterprises to enter the industry for 3 years, and half feeding type in 2012 only 29 enterprises to declare, 3 years increased by only 4.

 

See the demand trend of rice harvester from enterprises to enter the multi and oligomers can, enterprises are also in the direction of business according to the need of market adjustment. Suitable is the best, the whole feeding seems not as some experts predict will gradually be half feed replacement.

 

The lack of core technology of domestic semi feeding dilemma

Last year, held in Zhengzhou national agricultural exhibition can be found, compared with previous years, the display of the half feeding type significantly reduced, the number of participating enterprises also reduced.

 

Similarly, "directory" also appeared in the same situation. "The number of enterprises and products to declare the directory" in both reduced, declare the types of products are also a few years ago the old products, lack of new products on the list, and few new enterprises to enter the. Investigate its reason, have not mastered the core technology of the situation, the enterprise development unsustainable is Guan Jian, factors.

 

Review the history, research on semi feed rice combine harvester in our country is not late, Chinese semi feed rice harvester early achievements, but because of objective of industrial environmental impact, China's independent research and development of semi feed rice machine has not developed.

 

Japanese and Korean companies seek to enter the Chinese, along with the technology diffusion, some domestic agricultural or Non-agricultural enterprises have started to enter the field of semi feeding harvester. SKD, machine imports or replace the packing way by some enterprises, and some are the engine and the main working parts imports, using self-made chassis assembly. Because our country enterprise half feeding harvester has no independent intellectual property rights, the core proprietary technology mastered working parts, engine and the main working parts imports, prices remain high, domestic machine either in performance or in the price does not have the competitive advantage. Many domestic manufacturers of half feeding harvester into advance wave upon wave, some enterprises paid a heavy price, so far no one enterprise with independent intellectual property rights, but also very few formed a production capacity of enterprises, can compete with foreign models of phase.

 

In the face of the rapid development of the whole feed products, looking at the hands of no core technology and lucrative half feed products, local enterprises into a dilemma, in a dilemma between, lost the direction of development, and some enterprises began to walk on two legs, some enterprises arm, cut half feed business turned into other areas, some enterprises because "tasteless but wasteful to discard" and still lingered in the.

 

Full feeding extending to high power

 

Semi feeding technology development slowed down

 

By the scale, intensive cropping increased, agricultural cooperatives, etc. the rise of social organization, the north of paddy field increased the influence of the factors such as product demand, rice harvester harvesting efficiency higher on the increase, from 2 to 3 kg / s feeding quantity of products has been is the main stream of the market, the northeast area to 3 kg / s or more product development.

 

From the "Catalogue" can be seen, 2 ~ 3 kg / s feeding quantity product model on the increase, and 3 kg / s and above products are growing more rapidly, and this shows that the Northeast market will be the focus of future strength of whole feed enterprises to compete, but also will greatly promote the Northeast rice harvest mechanization level.

 

From the "Catalogue", half feeding type technology development gradually reduced. Because of the market development is limited and the independent brand atrophy, lack of Japan and South Korea mainly enterprises reactor power of new products, whether there is no obvious progress in the technical level of product or product diversification. But the upward pressure on raw materials, South Korea enterprise product price has not declined, even in a disguised form of price increases, the results will affect the selection range of users, increase the user's purchase cost, but the end result will be the impact of half feeding harvester industry overall technical level of ascension, the whole feed technical innovation under the condition of half feeding products, market share is expected to decline.

 

The enterprises need innovation development history

 

In twentieth Century eighty or ninety, wheat harvester is presented All flowers bloom together. situation. Since twenty-first Century, the country began to implement the purchase of agricultural subsidies, market demand is reactivated, overall sales industry in 2006 was close to 50000, the huge demand to attract more enterprises to join, but at the time of wheat harvester industry has a serious surplus production capacity, in 2007 after the country cancelled wheat machine of agricultural subsidies in 2008, many small and medium enterprises shock, Foton Lovol strength enterprise began to integrate market. In recent years, Foton Lovol has been the market share of more than 65%, and showed rising trend, and more small businesses due to form a scale effect, in the unprofitable, even loss of context reluctantly withdrew from the industry.

 

Lenovo to rice harvester industry, after nearly 10 years of rapid development, now retains the quantity is high, the market potential of Foton Lovol and Jiangsu world one south one north two large enterprises gradually stable, Liulin, Persil wait to catch up, stars with new product advantages of rapid development, Chery heavy industries and other enterprises are also actively the layout of the market. Can be expected, the industry concentration will gradually strengthen, later this trend will be more obvious, the majority of small and medium-sized enterprises should be through technological innovation, the upgrading of products, marketing model innovation and other ways to speed up development, and pay close attention to changes of farm machinery purchase subsidy policies, avoid like wheat harvester enterprises, run into the dilemma in the subsidy policy to stop after, and finally eliminated by the market.

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